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Analysis of Bad Debts

Difficulty: Advanced

Allowance for doubtful accounts receivable (bad debts) is a contra account which reduce the balance of the company's gross accounts receivable.The relationship between the allowance and the balance in receivables should be relatively constant unless there is a change in the economy overall or a change in customer base.


Receivables Accounting Policy

Finance Leases

Income attributable to leveraged leases is initially recorded as unearned income and subsequently recognized as revenue over the terms of the respective leases at constant after-tax rates of return on the positive net investment balances. Investments in leveraged leases are stated net of related nonrecourse debt obligations.

Finance leases include unguaranteed residual values that represent PMCC's estimates at lease inception as to the fair values of assets under lease at the end of the non-cancelable lease terms. The estimated residual values are reviewed at least annually by PMCC's management. This review includes analysis of a number of factors, including activity in the relevant industry. If necessary, revisions are recorded to reduce the residual values.

PMCC considers rents receivable past due when they are beyond the grace period of their contractual due date. PMCC stops recording income ("non-accrual status") on rents receivable when contractual payments become 90 days past due or earlier if management believes there is significant uncertainty of collectability of rent payments, and resumes recording income when collectability of rent payments is reasonably certain. Payments received on rents receivable that are on non-accrual status are used to reduce the rents receivable balance. Write-offs to the allowance for losses are recorded when amounts are deemed to be uncollectible.

Source: Altria Group Inc., Annual Report

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Allowance for Credit Losses

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Allowance for losses on finance assets
Investments in finance leases, gross
Ratio
Allowance as a percentage of investments in finance leases, gross1 % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Altria Group Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Allowance as a percentage of investments in finance leases, gross = 100 × Allowance for losses on finance assets ÷ Investments in finance leases, gross
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Allowance as a percentage of investments in finance leases, gross Allowance for credit losses divided by the gross financing receivable. Altria Group Inc.'s allowance as a percentage of investments in finance leases, gross declined from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

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