Ratios (Summary)

BP PLC, profitability ratios

 
Dec 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Dec 31, 2011 Dec 31, 2010 Dec 31, 2009
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin 14.05% 12.89% 17.51% 5.48% 21.86%
Operating profit margin 3.87% 1.87% 7.69% -5.22% 8.17%
Net profit margin 6.19% 3.08% 6.84% -1.25% 6.93%
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE) 18.14% 9.78% 23.06% -3.92% 16.31%
Return on assets (ROA) 7.67% 3.86% 8.77% -1.37% 7.03%

Source: Based on data from BP PLC Annual Reports

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. BP PLC's gross profit margin deteriorated from 2011 to 2012 but then slightly improved from 2012 to 2013.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. BP PLC's operating profit margin deteriorated from 2011 to 2012 but then slightly improved from 2012 to 2013.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. BP PLC's net profit margin deteriorated from 2011 to 2012 but then improved from 2012 to 2013 not reaching 2011 level.
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. BP PLC's ROE deteriorated from 2011 to 2012 but then improved from 2012 to 2013 not reaching 2011 level.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. BP PLC's ROA deteriorated from 2011 to 2012 but then improved from 2012 to 2013 not reaching 2011 level.

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Gross Profit Margin

BP PLC, gross profit margin calculation

 
Dec 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Dec 31, 2011 Dec 31, 2010 Dec 31, 2009
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Gross profit 53,258  48,427  65,754  16,281  52,298 
Sales and other operating revenues 379,136  375,580  375,517  297,107  239,272 
Ratio
Gross profit margin1 14.05% 12.89% 17.51% 5.48% 21.86%

Source: Based on data from BP PLC Annual Reports

2013 Calculations

1 Gross profit margin = 100 × Gross profit ÷ Sales and other operating revenues
= 100 × 53,258 ÷ 379,136 = 14.05%

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. BP PLC's gross profit margin deteriorated from 2011 to 2012 but then slightly improved from 2012 to 2013.

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Operating Profit Margin

BP PLC, operating profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Dec 31, 2011 Dec 31, 2010 Dec 31, 2009
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Operating profit (loss) 14,688  7,028  28,871  (15,523) 19,560 
Sales and other operating revenues 379,136  375,580  375,517  297,107  239,272 
Ratio
Operating profit margin1 3.87% 1.87% 7.69% -5.22% 8.17%
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors
Chevron Corp. 12.36% 15.18% 15.67% 12.80% 8.56%
ConocoPhillips 20.52% 20.94% 7.17% 6.24% 5.21%
Exxon Mobil Corp. 9.58% 11.01% 11.58% 10.84% 8.70%
Royal Dutch Shell PLC 5.73% 7.84% 8.91% 6.93% 4.99%
Operating Profit Margin, Sector
Integrated Oil & Gas 7.82% 8.88% 10.03% 6.13% 7.20%
Operating Profit Margin, Industry
Oil & Gas 8.37% 9.20% 10.08% 6.63% 7.90%

Source: Based on data from BP PLC Annual Reports

2013 Calculations

1 Operating profit margin = 100 × Operating profit (loss) ÷ Sales and other operating revenues
= 100 × 14,688 ÷ 379,136 = 3.87%

Ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. BP PLC's operating profit margin deteriorated from 2011 to 2012 but then slightly improved from 2012 to 2013.

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Net Profit Margin

BP PLC, net profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Dec 31, 2011 Dec 31, 2010 Dec 31, 2009
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Profit (loss) for the year attributable to BP shareholders 23,451  11,582  25,700  (3,719) 16,578 
Sales and other operating revenues 379,136  375,580  375,517  297,107  239,272 
Ratio
Net profit margin1 6.19% 3.08% 6.84% -1.25% 6.93%
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors
Chevron Corp. 9.73% 11.35% 11.01% 9.60% 6.26%
ConocoPhillips 16.83% 14.54% 5.08% 6.00% 3.25%
Exxon Mobil Corp. 7.74% 9.90% 8.79% 8.23% 6.39%
Royal Dutch Shell PLC 3.63% 5.69% 6.58% 5.47% 4.50%
Net Profit Margin, Sector
Integrated Oil & Gas 6.75% 7.43% 7.60% 5.43% 5.61%
Net Profit Margin, Industry
Oil & Gas 6.92% 7.39% 7.54% 5.63% 5.93%

Source: Based on data from BP PLC Annual Reports

2013 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Profit (loss) for the year attributable to BP shareholders ÷ Sales and other operating revenues
= 100 × 23,451 ÷ 379,136 = 6.19%

Ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. BP PLC's net profit margin deteriorated from 2011 to 2012 but then improved from 2012 to 2013 not reaching 2011 level.

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Return on Equity (ROE)

BP PLC, ROE calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Dec 31, 2011 Dec 31, 2010 Dec 31, 2009
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Profit (loss) for the year attributable to BP shareholders 23,451  11,582  25,700  (3,719) 16,578 
Total BP shareholders' equity 129,302  118,414  111,465  94,987  101,613 
Ratio
ROE1 18.14% 9.78% 23.06% -3.92% 16.31%
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors
Chevron Corp. 14.37% 19.18% 22.16% 18.10% 11.41%
ConocoPhillips 17.58% 17.56% 19.07% 16.57% 7.78%
Exxon Mobil Corp. 18.72% 27.06% 26.59% 20.74% 17.44%
Royal Dutch Shell PLC 9.09% 14.11% 18.24% 13.60% 9.18%
ROE, Sector
Integrated Oil & Gas 15.04% 17.90% 22.03% 13.71% 12.67%
ROE, Industry
Oil & Gas 14.41% 16.62% 20.06% 12.83% 11.70%

Source: Based on data from BP PLC Annual Reports

2013 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Profit (loss) for the year attributable to BP shareholders ÷ Total BP shareholders' equity
= 100 × 23,451 ÷ 129,302 = 18.14%

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. BP PLC's ROE deteriorated from 2011 to 2012 but then improved from 2012 to 2013 not reaching 2011 level.

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Return on Assets (ROA)

BP PLC, ROA calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Dec 31, 2011 Dec 31, 2010 Dec 31, 2009
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Profit (loss) for the year attributable to BP shareholders 23,451  11,582  25,700  (3,719) 16,578 
Total assets 305,690  300,193  293,068  272,262  235,968 
Ratio
ROA1 7.67% 3.86% 8.77% -1.37% 7.03%
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors
Chevron Corp. 8.44% 11.24% 12.84% 10.30% 6.37%
ConocoPhillips 7.76% 7.19% 8.12% 7.27% 3.18%
Exxon Mobil Corp. 9.39% 13.45% 12.40% 10.07% 8.26%
Royal Dutch Shell PLC 4.58% 7.38% 8.96% 6.24% 4.28%
ROA, Sector
Integrated Oil & Gas 7.45% 8.75% 10.29% 6.24% 5.91%
ROA, Industry
Oil & Gas 7.25% 8.26% 9.67% 6.10% 5.62%

Source: Based on data from BP PLC Annual Reports

2013 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Profit (loss) for the year attributable to BP shareholders ÷ Total assets
= 100 × 23,451 ÷ 305,690 = 7.67%

Ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. BP PLC's ROA deteriorated from 2011 to 2012 but then improved from 2012 to 2013 not reaching 2011 level.

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